1697 1ed Papal Bulls Holy Roman Empire Charles IV Constantine Gold Silver Metals

Heinrich Günther von Thülemeyer

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Famous Papal Bull and treatise on gold, silver, lead, and wax, there uses and values.

Charles IV (1316 – 1378), born Wenceslaus, was the second King of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg, and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.

We find only one other example of this same book for sale anywhere else worldwide! Compare at $2,300!

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1697 1ed Papal Bulls Holy Roman Empire Charles IV Constantine Gold Silver Metals

47 Engravings / compare@$2,300 / Günther von Thülemeyer

 

Famous Papal Bull and treatise on gold, silver, lead, and wax, there uses and values.

 

Charles IV (1316 – 1378), born Wenceslaus, was the second King of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg, and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.

 

We find only one other example of this same book for sale anywhere else worldwide! Compare at $2,300!

 

Main author: Heinrich Günther von Thülemeyer

 

Title: Henrici Günteri Thülemarii Tractatio de Bulla aurea, argentea, plumbea et cerea in genere, nec non in specie de Aurea bulla Caroli IV imperatoris. Accedunt I. Textus Aureæ bullæ Caroli IV imper. anno 1356 Norimbergæ & Metis sancitæ ex autographo francofurtano fideliter descriptus. II. Copia msti Aureæ bullæ Carolinæ, quod in augustissima Bibliotheca vindobenensi invenitur … III. & IV. Copiæ duarum versionum germanicarum Aureæ istius bullæ, quæ in dicta augustissima Bibliotheca cæsarea & Curia francofurtana custodiuntur. V. Aurea bulla Andronici imperatoris constantinopolitani cum notis & addit. VI. Aurea bulla brabantina cum commentar. VII. Capitulatio Maximilani II imperatoris ex originali, quod in serenissimi electoris palatini archivo adservatur, integra edita. Cum gratia & privilegio Sacrae Cæsareæ Majestatis.

 

Published: Francofurti ad Moenum, sumptibus Joannis Melchioris Bencard, 1697.

 

Language: Latin

 

Notes & contents:

  • 1st edition
  • Illustrated with 47 copper engravings
    • Portraits

 

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Wear: wear as seen in photos

Binding: tight and secure vellum binding

Pages: complete with all 76 + 38 + 40 + 32 + 23 + 13 pages; plus indexes, prefaces, and such

Publisher: Francofurti ad Moenum, sumptibus Joannis Melchioris Bencard, 1697.

Size: ~12in X 8in (30cm x 20cm)

 

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Charles IV (Czech: Karel IV., German: Karl IV., Latin: Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378[1]), born Wenceslaus,[2] was the second King of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg, and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.

He was the eldest son and heir of King John of Bohemia, who died at the Battle of Crécy on 26 August 1346. Charles inherited the County of Luxembourg and the Kingdom of Bohemia from his father. On 2 September 1347, Charles was crowned King of Bohemia.

On 11 July 1346, prince-electors elected him King of the Romans (rex Romanorum) in opposition to Emperor Louis IV. Charles was crowned on 26 November 1346 in Bonn. After his opponent died, he was re-elected in 1349 and crowned King of the Romans. In 1355 he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. With his coronation as King of Burgundy in 1365, he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire.

Contents  [hide]

1              Life

1.1          King of the Romans

1.2          Holy Roman Emperor

2              Evaluation and legacy

3              Patronage of culture and the arts

4              Genealogy

5              Family and children

6              Castles

7              Named after Charles IV

8              Ancestry

9              See also

10           References

Life[edit]

Charles IV was born to King John and Queen Elizabeth in Prague. He was originally named Wenceslaus (Václav), the name of his maternal grandfather, King Wenceslaus II. He chose the name Charles at his confirmation in honor of his uncle, King Charles IV of France, at whose court he was resident for seven years.

He received French education and was literate and fluent in five languages: Latin, Czech,[3] German, French, and Italian. In 1331 he gained some experience of warfare in Italy with his father. At the beginning of 1333, Charles went to Lucca (Tuscany) to consolidate his rule there. In an effort to defend the city, Charles founded the nearby fortress and the town of Montecarlo (Charles’ Mountain).[4] From 1333 he administered the lands of the Bohemian Crown due to his father’s frequent absence and deteriorating eyesight. In 1334, Charles was named Margrave of Moravia, the traditional title for heirs to the throne. Two years later, he assumed the government of Tyrol on behalf of his brother, John Henry, and was soon actively involved in a struggle for the possession of this county.

King of the Romans[edit]

On 11 July 1346, in consequence of an alliance between his father and Pope Clement VI, relentless enemy of the emperor Louis IV, Charles was chosen as Roman king in opposition to Louis by some of the prince-electors at Rhens. As he had previously promised to be subservient to Clement, he made extensive concessions to the pope in 1347. Confirming the papacy in the possession of wide territories, he promised to annul the acts of Louis against Clement, to take no part in Italian affairs, and to defend and protect the church.

 

Bohemia and other territories ruled by Charles IV

Charles IV was initially in a very weak position in Germany. Owing to the terms of his election, he was derisively referred to by some as a “Priests’ King” (Pfaffenkönig). Many bishops and nearly all of the Imperial cities remained loyal to Louis the Bavarian. Worse yet, Charles backed the wrong side in the Hundred Years’ War, losing his father and many of his best knights at the Battle of Crécy in August 1346, with Charles himself escaping from the field wounded.

Civil war in Germany was prevented, however, when Louis IV died on 11 October 1347, after suffering a stroke during a bear hunt. In January 1349, House of Wittelsbach partisans attempted to secure the election of Günther von Schwarzburg as king, but he attracted few supporters and died unnoticed and unmourned after a few months. Thereafter, Charles faced no direct threat to his claim to the Imperial throne.

Charles initially worked to secure his power base. Bohemia had remained untouched by the plague. Prague became his capital, and he rebuilt the city on the model of Paris, establishing the New Town (Nové Město). In 1348, he founded the Charles University in Prague, which was named after him and was the first university in Central Europe. This served as a training ground for bureaucrats and lawyers. Soon Prague emerged as the intellectual and cultural center of Central Europe.

 

Bust of Charles IV in St. Vitus Cathedral, 1370s

Having made good use of the difficulties of his opponents, Charles was again elected in Frankfurt on 17 June 1349 and re-crowned at Aachen on 25 July 1349. He was soon the undisputed ruler of the Empire. Gifts or promises had won the support of the Rhenish and Swabian towns; a marriage alliance secured the friendship of the Habsburgs; and an alliance with Rudolf II of Bavaria, Count Palatine of the Rhine, was obtained when Charles, who had become a widower in 1348, married Rudolph’s daughter Anna.

In 1350 the king was visited at Prague by the Roman tribune Cola di Rienzo, who urged him to go to Italy, where the poet Petrarch and the citizens of Florence also implored his presence.[5] Turning a deaf ear to these entreaties, Charles kept Cola in prison for a year, and then handed him as a prisoner to Clement at Avignon.

Outside Prague, Charles attempted to expand the Bohemian crown lands, using his imperial authority to acquire fiefs in Silesia, the Upper Palatinate, and Franconia. The latter regions comprised “New Bohemia,” a string of possessions intended to link Bohemia with the Luxemburg territories in the Rhineland. The Bohemian estates, however, were not willing to support Charles in these ventures. When Charles sought to codify Bohemian law in the Majestas Carolina of 1355, he met with sharp resistance. After that point, Charles found it expedient to scale back his efforts at centralization.

Holy Roman Emperor[edit]

 

The Golden Bull of 1356

In 1354 Charles crossed the Alps without an army, received the Lombard crown in St. Ambrose Basilica, Milan, on 5 January 1355, and was crowned emperor at Rome by a cardinal in April of the same year.[6] His sole object appears to have been to obtain the Imperial crown in peace, in accordance with a promise previously made to Pope Clement. He only remained in the city for a few hours, in spite of the expressed wishes of the Roman people. Having virtually abandoned all the Imperial rights in Italy, the emperor re-crossed the Alps, pursued by the scornful words of Petrarch, but laden with considerable wealth.[7] On his return, Charles was occupied with the administration of the Empire, then just recovering from the Black Death, and in 1356 he promulgated the famous Golden Bull to regulate the election of the king.

Having given Moravia to one brother, John Henry, and erected the county of Luxembourg into a duchy for another, Wenceslaus, he was unremitting in his efforts to secure other territories as compensation and to strengthen the Bohemian monarchy. To this end he purchased part of the upper Palatinate of the Rhine in 1353, and in 1367 annexed Lower Lusatia to Bohemia and bought numerous estates in various parts of Germany. On the death of Meinhard, Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count of Tyrol, in 1363, Upper Bavaria was claimed by the sons of the emperor Louis IV, and Tyrol by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria. Both claims were admitted by Charles on the understanding that if these families died out both territories should pass to the House of Luxembourg. At about the same time he was promised the succession to the Margravate of Brandenburg, which he actually obtained for his son Wenceslaus in 1373.

 

Meeting with Charles V of France in Paris in 1378, from a fifteenth-century manuscript in the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal

Casimir III of Poland and Louis I of Hungary entered a conspiracy against Charles and managed to persuade Otto V of Bavaria to join. After the repeal of the estate contract by margrave Otto, in early July 1371, Charles IV declared hostilities and invaded Brandenburg; after two years of conflict the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1373 became part of the Czech lands. He also gained a considerable portion of Silesian territory, partly by inheritance through his third wife, Anna von Schweidnitz, daughter of Henry II, Duke of Świdnica and Catherine of Hungary. In 1365 Charles visited Pope Urban V at Avignon and undertook to escort him to Rome; on the same occasion he was crowned King of Burgundy at Arles.

His second journey to Italy took place in 1368, when he had a meeting with Pope Urban V at Viterbo, was besieged in his palace at Siena, and left the country before the end of 1369. During his later years, the emperor took little part in German affairs beyond securing the election of his son Wenceslaus as king of the Romans in 1376, and negotiating a peace between the Swabian League of Cities and some nobles in 1378. After dividing his lands between his three sons and his nephews,[1] he died in November 1378 at Prague, where he was buried, and where a statue was erected to his memory in 1848.

Charles IV suffered from gout (metabolic arthritis), a painful disease quite common in that time.

Category

Religion

Authors

Heinrich Günther von Thülemeyer

Printing Date

17th Century

Language

Latin

Binding

Vellum

Book Condition

Good

Collation

Complete