1792 Lavater Illustrated Physiognomy Occult Sciences Psychiatry Psychology 4v

Johann Caspar Lavater

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This classic pseudo-science work was extremely influential in the development and history of psychiatry and includes Lavater’s accounts of madmen, demons, and mystical terrors!

Johann Kaspar Lavater (1741 – 1801) was a Swiss poet, writer, philosopher, physiognomist and theologian.

Exquisite & Very rare. Compare at $4,000 and up.

$1,250.00

In stock

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792 Lavater Illustrated Physiognomy Occult Sciences Psychiatry Psychology 4v

800! Copper Engraved Illustrations Demons Madmen +

This classic pseudo-science work was extremely influential in the development and history of psychiatry and includes Lavater’s accounts of madmen, demons, and mystical terrors!

Johann Kaspar Lavater (1741 – 1801) was a Swiss poet, writer, philosopher, physiognomist and theologian.

Exquisite & Very rare. Compare at $4,000 and up.

Main author: Johann Caspar Lavater

Title: Essays on physiognomy, designed to promote the knowledge and the love of mankind. By John Caspar Lavater … Illustrated by more than eight hundred engravings … Executed by, or under the inspection of, Thomas Holloway. Translated from the French by Henry Hunter …

Published: London : Printed for John Murray; H. Hunter; and T. Holloway, 1792.

Language: English

Notes & content:

  • 4v
    • Volume 1
    • Volume 2, part I
    • Volume 2, part II
    • Volume 3, part II
  • Provenance: Armorial Bookplate – Stephen Lowdell
  • Title page vignettes
  • Filled with hundreds of engravings, in-text, and full-page illustrations including portraits, human anatomy, demons, and other occult scenes!
  • Famous individuals including GEORGE WASHINGTON

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Wear: wear as seen in photos

Binding: tight and secure leather binding

Pages: complete with all 281 + 238 + 444 + 438 pages; plus indexes, prefaces, and such

Publisher: London : Printed for John Murray; H. Hunter; and T. Holloway, 1792.

Size: ~13.5in X 11in (34cm x 28cm)

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Johann Kaspar (or Caspar) Lavater (15 November 1741 – 2 January 1801) was a Swiss poet, writer, philosopher, physiognomist and theologian.

Contents  [hide]

1              Early life

2              Corruption fighter

3              Zwinglian

4              Physiognomy

5              Poet

6              Goethe

7              Blake

8              Last days

9              Works

10           References

11           External links

Early life[edit]

Lavater was born in Zürich, and was educated at the Gymnasium there, where J. J. Bodmer and J. J. Breitinger were amongst his teachers.

Corruption fighter[edit]

At barely twenty-one years of age, Lavater greatly distinguished himself by denouncing, in conjunction with his friend Henry Fuseli the painter, an iniquitous magistrate, who was compelled to make restitution of his ill-gotten gains.

Zwinglian[edit]

In 1769 Lavater took Holy Orders in Zurich’s Zwinglian Church, and officiated until his death as deacon or pastor in churches in his native city. His oratorical fervor and genuine depth of conviction gave him great personal influence; he was extensively consulted as a casuist, and was welcomed with enthusiasm on his journeys throughout Germany. His writings on mysticism were widely popular as well.

In the same year (1769), Lavater tried to convert Moses Mendelssohn to Christianity, by sending him a translation of Charles Bonnet’s Palingénésie philosophique, and demanding that he either publicly refute Bonnet’s arguments or convert. Mendelssohn refused to do either, and many prominent intellectuals took Mendelssohn’s side, including Lichtenberg and Herder.

Physiognomy[edit]

Image of woodcut from Physiognomische Fragmente zur Beförderung der Menschenkenntnis und Menschenliebe (1775-1778)

Lavater is most well known for his work in the field of physiognomy, Physiognomische Fragmente zur Beförderung der Menschenkenntnis und Menschenliebe, published between 1775 and 1778. He introduced the idea that physiognomy related to the specific character traits of individuals, rather than general types.[1]

The fame of this book, which found admirers in France and England as well as Germany, rests largely upon the handsome style of publication and the accompanying illustrations.[citation needed]

The two principal sources from which Lavater developed his physiognomical studies were the writings of the Italian polymath Giambattista della Porta, and the observations made by Sir Thomas Browne in his Religio Medici (translated into German in 1748 and praised by Lavater).

Poet[edit]

As a poet, Lavater published Christliche Lieder (1776–1780) and two epics, Jesus Messias (1780) and Joseph von Arimathia (1794), in the style of Klopstock. More relevant to the religious temperament of Lavater’s times are his introspective Aussichten in die Ewigkeit (4 vols. 1768-1778), Geheimes Tagebuch von einem Beobachter seiner selbst (2 vols., 1772–1773), and Pontius Pilatus, oder der Mensch in allen Gestalten (4 vols., 1782–1785).

Goethe[edit]

From 1774 on, Goethe was intimately acquainted with Lavater, but later had a falling out with him, accusing him of superstition and hypocrisy.

Blake[edit]

In 1788 William Blake annotated Lavater’s Aphorisms of Man.[2][3] Lavater published 632 aphorisms in all. Blake considered the following aphorism to be an excellent example of an aphorism. “40. Who, under pressing temptations to lie, adheres to truth, nor to the profane betrays aught of a sacred trust, is near the summit of wisdom and virtue.”

Last days[edit]

During his later years, Lavater’s influence waned, and he incurred considerable ridicule due to his vanity. His conduct during the French occupation of Switzerland brought about his death. On the taking of Zürich by the French in 1799, Lavater, while trying to appease the aggressors, was shot by an infuriated grenadier; he died over a year later, after protracted sufferings borne with great fortitude.

The Swiss artist and illustrator, Warja Honegger-Lavater, was a direct descendent of Johann Kaspar Lavater.

Works[edit]

Vermischte Schriften (2 vols., 1774–1781)

Kleinere prosaische Schriften (3 vols., 1784–1785)

Nachgelassene Schriften (5 vols., 1801–1802)

Sämtliche Werke (poems only; 6 vols., 1836–1838)

Ausgewählte Schriften (8 vols., 1841–1844).

Categories

Esoteric & Occult

Medicine & Science

Authors

Johann Caspar Lavater

Printing Date

18th Century

Language

English

Binding

Hardcover

Book Condition

Good

Collation

Complete